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《大学英语》期末考试题及答案

《大学英语》期末考试题及答案

考试时间:120分钟

Section A听力部分

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C, D and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

1. A. She thinks his term paper is difficult to read.

B. She thinks his term paper has a good title.

C. She doesn’t like his choice of the title.

D. She doesn’t think he prepares well enough.

2. A. Where to meet Lisa.

B. Why Lisa wants to meet them.

C. The location of the campus.

D. The time of the meeting.

3. A. Paul sold it for her.

B. She didn’t want Paul to borrow it.

C. Sarah has bought it.

D. Paul purchased it for her.

4. A. Show the man the way to the station.

B. Find out when the next bus leaves.

C. Take the man to the station.

D. Wait for the man at the bus station.

5. A. The English Evening doesn’t interest him.

B. He may already have plans.

C. He’d like to bring a classmate to the English Evening.

D. He’d rather come another time.

参考答案:1-5. CADCB

6. A. In a dressing shop.

B. In a shoe store.

C. In a gymnasium

D. At a swimming pool.

7. A. At 5:15

B. At 5:45

C. At 5:50

D. At 4:45

8. A. A dentist and a patient

B. A physicist and a patient

C. A patient and a surgeon

D. A patient and a physician

9. A. The woman made another new shirt for the man.

B. The man bought a new bottle of ink from the woman yesterday.

C. The man lost his new pen he bought yesterday.

D. The man’s shirt was stained by his new pen.

10. A. Repair his air-conditioner.

B. Go to sleep.

C. Get a new air-conditioner.

D. Look for a repairman.

参考答案:6-10. ABADC

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C, D and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A. He made cartoon films.

B. Under his leadership, three world-famous parks were built.

C. He was born of a wealthy family.

D. He was once an artist.

12. A. Advertisements.

B. Comedy news.

C. Mickey Mouse.

D. World-famous parks.

13. A. In Kansas City

B. In Disneyland

C. In Chicago

D. In Los Angeles

Passage Two

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. A. He often does the work his boss doesn’t mean him to do.

B. He likes being a boss.

C. He is reluctant to do what his boss wants him to do.

D. He is eager for a better-paid job.

15. A. He hired four men to paint the house without Mr. King’s permission.

B. He didn’t show respect for his boss.

C. He paid too little money for hiring the workers.

D. He didn’t brush the house willingly.

参考答案:11-15. CADAA

16. A. $30

B. $32

C. $2

D.$8

Passage Three

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. A. She is very active.

B. She is dark-haired.

C. She lives a busy life.

D. She lives with her daughter.

18. A. A pacemaker.

B. Her daughter

C. A dressmaker

D.A Battery

19. A. In the skin beneath her ribs.

B. In her heart.

C. In her stomach

D. In the skin beneath her breastbones.

20. A. They help solve the problems of life.

B. They are numerous in number.

C. They are a new type of engineer.

D. Both A and C.

参考答案:16-20. BDAAD

II. Reading Comprehension (30 points)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A. B. C. and D.You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

In a moment of personal crisis, how much help can you expect from a New York taxi driver? I began studying this question and found the answers interesting.

One morning I got into three different taxis and announced, “Well, it’s my first day back in New York in seven years. I’ve been prison.” Not a single driver replied, so I tried again. “Yeah, I shot a man in Reno.” I explained, hoping the driver would ask me why, but nobody asked. The only response came from a Ghananian driver, “Reno? That is in Nevada?”

Taxi drivers were uniformly (一致地) sympathetic when I said I’d just been fired. “This is America,” a Haitian driver said. “One door is closed. Another is open.” He argued against my plan to burn down my boss’s house, “If you do something silly and they put you away, you cannot look for another job.” A Pakistani driver even turned down a chance to profit from my loss of hope: He refused to take me to the middle of the George Washington Bridge, a $20 trip. “Why you want to go there? Go home and relax. Don’t worry. Take a new job.”

One very hot weekday in July, while wearing a red skin mask and holding a stuffed (塞满的) pillowcase with the word “BANK” on it, I tried hailing(招呼) a taxi five times outside different banks. The driver picked me up every time. My ride with Guy Caaude Thevenain, a Haitian driver, was typical of the superb (一流的) assistance I received.

“Is anyone following us?”

“No,” said the driver, looking in his rearview mirror at traffic and me.

“Let’s go across the park,” I said. “I just robbed the bank there. I got $ 25,000.”

“$25,000?” he asked.

“Yeah, you think it was wrong to take it?”

“No, man. I work 8 hours and I earn just $70. If I can do that, I do it too.”

As we approached 86, Lexington Street, I pointed to the Chemical Bank.

“Hey, there’s another bank,” I said, “Could you wait here a minute while I go inside?”

“No, I can’t wait. Pay me now.” His reluctance may have something to do with money — taxi drivers think the rate for waiting time is too low, but I think he wanted me to learn that even a bank robber can’t expect unconditional support.

21. From the Ghanaian driver’s response, we can infer that ________.

A. he was not caring about the killing

B. he was frightened to hear what the writer said

C. he thought the writer was a criminal

D. he thought the writer was crazy

22. Why did the Pakistani driver refuse to give the writer a ride?

A. He didn’t want to help the writer get over his career crisis.

B. He was in a hurry to go home and relax.

C. The place was far away.

D. He thought the writer was going to kill himself.

23. What is the author’s interpretation of the driver’s reluctance “to wait outside the Chemical Bank”?

A. The driver thought that the rate for waiting time was too low.

B. The driver thought it wrong to support a taxi rider unconditionally.

C. The driver was frightened and wanted to leave him as soon as possible.

D. The driver did not want to help a suspect to escape from a bank robbery.

24. Which of the following statements is true about New York taxi drivers?

A. They are ready to help you do whatever you want to.

B. They refuse to pick up those who would kill themselves.

C. They are sympathetic with those who are out of work.

D. They work only for money.

25. The passage mainly discusses ___________________.

A. how to please taxi riders

B. how to deal with taxi riders

C. the attitudes of taxi drivers towards riders in personal trouble

D. the attitudes of taxi drivers towards the government

参考答案:21-25. ADBCC

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

Is there enough oil beneath the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (保护区) (ANWR) to help secure America’s energy future? President Bush certainly thinks so. He has argued that tapping ANWR’s oil would help ease California’s electricity crisis and provide a major boost to the country’s energy independence. But no one knows for sure how much crude oil lies buried beneath the frozen earth, with the last government survey, conducted in 1998, projecting output anywhere from 3 billion to 16 billion barrels.

The oil industry goes with the high end of the range, which could equal as much as 10% of U. S. consumption for as long as six years. By pumping more than 1 million barrels a day from the reserve for the next two to three decades, lobbyists claim, the nation could cut back on imports equivalent to all shipments to the U. S. from Saudi Arabia. Sounds good. An oil boom would also mean a multibillion-dollar windfall (意外之财) in tax revenue, royalties (开采权使用费) and leasing fees for Alaska and the Federal Government. Best of all, advocates of drilling say, damage to the environment would be insignificant. “We’ve never had a documented case of an oil rig chasing deer out onto the pack ice,” says Alaska State Representative Scott Ogan.

Not so fast, say environmentalists. Sticking to the low end of government estimates, the National Resources Defense Council says there may be no more than 3.2 billion barrels of economically recoverable oil in the coastal plain of ANWR, a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America’s energy problems. And consumers would wait up to a decade to gain any benefits, because drilling could begin only after much bargaining over leases, environmental permits and regulatory review. As for ANWR’s impact on the California power crisis, environmentalists point out that oil is responsible for only 1% of the Golden State’s electricity output — and just 3% of the nation’s.

26. What does President Bush think of tapping oil in ANWR?

A. It will increase America’s energy consumption.

B. It will exhaust the nation’s oil reserves.

C. It will help reduce the nation’s oil imports.

D. It will help secure the future of ANWR.

27. We learn from the second paragraph that the American oil industry ________.

A. shows little interests in tapping oil in ANWR

B. expects to stop oil imports from Saudi Arabia

C. tends to exaggerate America’s reliance on foreign oil

D. believes that drilling for oil in ANWR will produce high yields

28. Those against oil drilling in ANWR argue that_______.

A. it will drain the oil reserves in the Alaskan region

B. it can do little to solve U. S. energy problems

C. it can cause serious damage to the environment

D. it will not have much commercial value

29. What do the environmentalists mean by saying “Not so fast” (Line 1, Para. 3)?

A. Don’t be too optimistic.

B. Don’t expect fast returns.

C. The oil drilling should be delayed.

D. Oil exploitation takes a long time.

30. It can be learned from the passage that oil exploitation beneath ANWR’s frozen earth ________.

A. involves a lot of technological problems

B. remains a controversial issue

C. is expected to get under way soon

D. will enable the U. S. to be oil independent

参考答案:26-30. CDBAB

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Although suicide rates around the world are about three times higher for men than women, evidence is mounting that in developing countries in Asia, suicide is far more common among young women than men.

In a study this week in The Lancet medical journal, researchers give the first picture of suicide among young people in India. In a region near Vellore in southern India, more than twice as many young women aged 10 to 19 committed suicide as men in the same age group. The study found the average suicide rate for women in that age group was 148 per 100,000, compared with 58 suicides per 100,000 men. Globally, the suicide rate for men is about 24 per 100,000, and about 6.8 per 100,000 for women.

Experts say the latest study was based on too few suicides to be certain the observed rates are valid, but added that the research shows suicide is vastly underreported in the developing world.

One of the major differences between suicide in the West and in developing countries is the method. It is known from studies in the West that more women than men attempt suicide, but fewer succeed.

Usually, women in Western countries attempt suicide by slashing their wrists or swallowing pills, both methods that are treatable. In rural India, the methods are hanging, poisoning with lethal insecticides that are banned in many other parts of the world and setting oneself on fire. All three are difficult to survive.

Some of the pesticides, widely kept in rural homes, kill within three hours. For women trying to kill themselves in the countryside, where there is no transportation and sometimes no roads, it is often too late by the time they reach a hospital.

There are a few theories why young Asian women are committing suicide at such a high rate.

“It could be because of lack of education, conflicts surrounding the issue of arranged marriages, love failures, dowries and things like that,” said Dr. Lakshmi Vijayakumar, who runs the Sneha Suicide Prevention Center in Chennai, in the Madras region of India.

Overall in India, male suicides start to outnumber the women as they get older, said Vijayakumar, who was not involved with the latest study.

Once the women have children, they become emotionally and psychologically stronger and the suicide rate goes down, she said.

31. According to the latest research, the average suicide rate around the world is ______ that of the developing countries concerning about the gender factor.

A. similar to

B. the same as

C. irrelevant to

D. different from

32. Comparatively speaking, the suicide rate around the world for men is ______ higher than it for women.

A. more than twice

B. more than three times

C. twice

D. more than one time

33. Experts’ attitude toward the latest study in Vellore in southern India is _______.

A. totally agreeable

B. opposite

C. critical

D. extreme

34. In rural India, women often attempt suicide by the following means except _______.

A. poisoning with pesticides

B. setting oneself on fire

C. swallowing pills

D. hanging

35. The factors influencing the phenomenon that young Asian women are committing suicide at such a high rate DO NOT include ________.

A. education

B. emotion

C. egoism

D. marriage issues

参考答案:31-35. DBCCC

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

Like many other small boys, I was fascinated by cars, not least because my oldest brother was a bit of a car guy and subscribed to cool magazines like Car and Driver and Motor Trend. Every so often, one of those magazines would run an article on the “Car of the Future.” They featured unconventional styling and things like small nuclear reactors as power sources. Yet, frankly, my car doesn’t do anything that my brother’s Studebaker didn’t do. It goes, it stops, it burns gasoline, it plays music. I still have to steer it, and it still runs into things if I don’t steer it carefully.

But guess what? All of these things are subjected to change in the not-so-distant future. It will still go and stop, but it may not burn gasoline, I may not have to steer it, and it may be a lot better at not running into things.

Airbags aren’t the be-all and end-all in safety. In fact, considering the recent news about people occasionally being killed by their airbags in low-speed collisions (碰撞), they obviously still need some development. But they aren’t going away, and in fact, you can expect to see cars appearing with additional, side-impact airbags, something some European car manufacturers already offer.

Better than systems to minimize injury in the event of an accident, however, are systems that minimize the likelihood of an accident happening in the first place. Future cars may be able to eliminate many of the major causes of accidents, including drunk-driving, tailgating and sleepiness. Cars could be equipped with sensors that can detect alcohol in a driver’s system and prevent the car from being started, for example. Many accidents are caused by people following the car in front too closely. As early as next year, you’ll be able to buy cars with radar-equipped control systems. If the radar determines you’re closing too quickly with the car in front, it will ease up on the throttle. For city streets, expect other radar devices that will give advance warning that the car in front of you has slowed abruptly and you should step on the brakes — or that may even brake for you.

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